As highly social animals, dogs are vulnerable to various diseases. Listed below are common diseases you should vaccinate your dog against.
Canine Distemper is a highly contagious disease which is spread through eye and nasal discharge of infected dogs. Symptoms include: listlessness, fever, diarrhoea, vomiting and excess salivating. Convulsions and paralysis are common in the final stage of this disease.Distemper attacks various internal organs and the nervous system, thus if recovery occurs it is usually followed with permanent neural damage.
Canine Leptospirosiscauses liver and kidney damage and is fatal. This disease can also be passed on to humans.
Infectious Canine Hepatitis is caused by Canine Adenovirus Type 1. This disease is transmitted via contact with secretions (saliva, infected urine/ faeces) Early symptoms are similar to those of Canine Distemper, causing liver failure, eye damage and breathing problems. In regards to prognosis, Infectious Canine Hepatitis may become fatal.
Canine Coronavirus attacks the intestinal system and can be fatal to puppies. The onset of symptoms is fast. These may include vomiting, diarrhoea, dehydration, loss of appetite and depression. If the disease manages to establish within a population (such as breeding kennels) the spread becomes very difficult to control.
Canine Parvovirous is a highly contagious and debilitating disease. Highest severity has been seen in puppies and older dogs. The disease caused by this virus emerged in parts of the world only in 1978. It is spread through infected faeces and is a highly resistant virus, thus remaining in the environment for many months. Symptoms may include high fever, listlessness, vomiting and blood stained diarrhoea. Vaccination is the only certain method of prevention, otherwise this disease can be fatal.
Canine Infectious Tracheobronchitis (Kennel Cough) is an easily transmitted respiratory tract infection . The disease is caused by various airborne bacteria and viruses , including,Canine Parainfluenza and Canine Adenovirus Type 2. Bordetella Bronchiseptica is the main cause of the disease and requires a specific intra- nasal vaccine (known as the Kennel Cough Vaccine). Kennel Cough is usually first noticed by a dry, hacking cough.
Rabies is an incurable and fatal viral disease which affects the central nervous system of almost all mammals. The disease is spread through salivary contact of infected animals through bites or lesions in the skin. Although not present in the UK, rabies occurs widely throughout many other countries of the world. If travelling check requirements under PetTravel Schemes (PETS).