The objective behind a vaccination is to prepare a kitten's or cat's immune system for future exposure to viruses.

In this sector common feline diseases which we offer vaccination against are discussed.

Feline influenza syndrome can be bought on by several different agents.

There are 3 pathogens believed to be able to singularly cause "cat flu". Feline Calicivirus (FCV), Feline Herpes Virus (FHV) and the Bordetella Bronchiseptica.

The above 2 mentioned specific viruses can only cause disease in felines , however the Bordetella Bronchiseptica bacterium is capable of affecting other species - including dogs (Kennel Cough).

Feline Herpes Virus only survives for approximately 18 hours but Calicivirus is far more resilient and may survive for up to 7 days.

The Herpes Virus affects the mucosal cells and is activated when a cat suffers a period of stress. Cats which carry the Herpes Virus will continue to be latent carriers and the disease may be activated each time a stressor occurs in the cat's life.

Calicivirus has become increasingly common and is shed by a high percentage of the UK feline population. Calici is transmitted through saliva or faeces.

General Symptoms of "Cat Flu"

The general symptoms of common "Cat Flu" include sneezing,and discharge (eyes and nose). In some cases some swelling may be evident around the eyes. In extreme cases the eyes may become severely swollen to the point of the eye lids closing completely. Within 2-3 days the disease rapidly develops and discharge will be presented as a much thicker consistency. The cat will appear lethargic and will have an abnormally high temperature.

Other symptoms include tongue ulcers, making eating and swallowing painful. Some cats will completely refuse to eat or drink and thus abruptly become dehydrated. Additional symptoms are diarrhoea and nail bed infections.

Agent Specific Symptoms

FHV - I (Feline Herpes Virus)

FeLV makes an animal vulnerable to a number of diseases including not only leukaemia but also lymphoma, other cancers or various bacterial and viral diseases.

A common route of infection is often through fighting bites (saliva) but is also transmitted through urine and faeces.

The virus multiplies in the lymph nodes of the throat and tonsils and then transports onto other lymphoid tissues. It replicates in the bone marrow and crypt cells of the intestine, thus releasing infected neutrophills into the animal's circulation.

Clinical signs include anorexia, depression, lethargy and non - regenerative anaemia.

The virus itself does not make the cat ill, it suppresses the immune system and makes the animal very vulnerable to various diseases.

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